Veterinary dentistry is one of the fastest growing fields within veterinary medicine and at our clinic for dental diseases, specialists in dental disease from the Department of Clinical Sciences (KV) educate veterinary students as well as veterinary nurses and veterinarians in dental and gum disease.´We treat both primary and referral cases. We also provide facilities for KV´s research on parodontal disease and tooth resorption. We perform dental procedures ranging from routine cleaning to advanced dental surgery.
Information about the gum disease (gingivitis/periodontitis) of animals and the painful dental disease Tooth Resorption (TR) previously referred to as FORL in cats can be found under the links Gingivitis/periodontis.
Inflammation of the tissues that support the tooth in the jaw is known as periodontitis. It is caused by a bacterial colonisation on the tooth surface (plaque) and the body´s immune response. As the tissues become inflamed the gingiva swells, becomes red and bleeds on probing and a pocket forms between the tooth and the gingiva. Bacteria migrate in the pocket along the tooth surface and consume oxygen whereby more aggressive bacteria, which can survive without oxygen, start to multiply. The body tries to eliminate these bacteria but as a consequence severe destruction of the tooth supporting structures (gingiva, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and tooth cement) takes place, eventually resulting in tooth mobility and loss. Periodontal disease can be divided into a more chronic form with severe plaque deposits and a more aggressive form which is characterized by a severe inflammation in response to a minimal plaque deposit. Animals suffering from the more aggressive form of periodontitis often present with severe pain and ulcerations of the oral mucosa. Periodontal disease is not caused by tarter. Tarter consists of mineralised dead bacteria. Tarter does, however, due to its uneven surface, provide a larger area for bacteria to adhere.
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